Richmond is situated in the San Francisco Bay area in Contra Costa County. The city was incorporated on August 7, 1905 and has since been slowly moving from a economy based on heavy industry towards one which concentrates more on service and commercial industries. San Pablo, as well as the unincorporated areas of North Richmond, Rich Eastmond Heights and El Sobrante, are surrounded by the Richmond's city limits. The city is presently the 56th biggest in the state with a population which was roughly 103,468 in 2006. Richmond is the largest city in the country who has a green party mayor.
During 2010, the city was ranked the 6th most dangerous city in the United States. The core of the city sees the majority of the crime, while the rest of the city is relatively safe. The police department admits that the city has had a chronic violent crime rate for decades.
There are various unique companies which have been located within Richmond. The Giant Powder Company, which produced gunpowder and dynamite, closed down during 1960. Point Molate was the location of the last active whaling station in the county, which was closed in 1971. The Prohibition in 1919 caused Winehaven, amongst the world's biggest wineries, to close down.
Throughout WWII, the economy was mainly supported by industrial companies, specifically shipbuilding. However, as time has passed, it has become a major seaport and ships over 26 million tons of goods per year, with the bulk of cargo being petroleum and oil. A major oil refinery, run by Chevron USA, is located within the city and has a capacity of 15 million barrels.
Two of the biggest companies within the city are the Social Security Administration, that employs over 1000 individuals, and the Kaiser Pemanente's Richmond Medical Center Hospital, that is situated in downtown Richmond. A video game animation studio, Treeskunk Production, is situated downtown, as in Bay View recording studio, where artists comprising Smash Mouth record their hit records. Galaxy Desserts is likewise operated and run within Richmond.
Vetrazzo is a green company located in the previous Ford Assembly Plant that takes old traffic lights and recycled beer bottles and creates superb glass countertops. It has won some awards for its green initiatives.