With a population of 446,901, Oakland is considered the eighth biggest city in the state of California and the 41st biggest city within the United States. It is the County seat of Alameda county, as well as the center of activity for the sub region of the Bay Area, East Bay. It is located only eight miles east of San Francisco and has the West Coast Port located on the San Francisco Bay. Oakland covers a total of 78.2 square miles, with 22.1 square miles being water and the other 56.1 square miles covering land.
The cities terrain is broken down by residents into "the hills" and "the flatlands", with the people within the hills normally being richer. Around a third of the population has settled within the foot hills and hills, while the others reside in the flat plain of East Bay.
Among the main attractions of Oakland is Lake Merritt, that is situated close to downtown. It is the considered to be the largest (urban) salt water lake in the United States, even if it is technically an estuary of the San Francisco Bay.
A lot of people who settle in Oakland are attracted to the cities beautiful Mediterranean weather, characterized by warm summers and mild winters. Because of its site, it is generally warmer then San Francisco and cooler then San Jose. At times, the northern part of the city experiences a cooling maritime fog, but the city is far enough inland so that the fog burns off by mid day.
Since the city is a major West Coast Port, Over 200,000 jobs in the city are related to cargo transport. In addition, the businesses Matson, Kaiser Permanente and Clorox have facilities within the city. Various companies have chosen to build their headquarters here, such as Cost Plus World Market and Dreyers. Oakland was also home to the very first London Drugs.
Early during the 21st century, Oakland went through a population and land surge. The 10K plan which was applied saw that thousands of new multifamily houses were constructed to accommodate the influx of residents. This population surge can be attributed to the cities mild weather conditions, and its relatively central location in regards to larger cities. Oakland provides a reasonable option to sky high rents and property prices in San Francisco, and provides beautiful views of the San Francisco and the Bay from its hillside neighbourhoods. Due to its expanding population, there has been some shopping districts made as well as many restaurants which reflect various international and native cultures.